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Classic Western Philosophy

Famous Early Philosophers

Here are some biographical profiles of some of the famous early philosophers in both the Western and Eastern traditions.

Socrates

Plato

Aristotle

Epicurus



Featured Classical Philosophy Books

Presocratic Philosophy
by Osborne, Catherine

9780192840943Catherine OsbornePresocratic PhilosophyThis is a book about the invention of Western philosophy, and the first thinkers to explore ideas about the nature of reality, time, and the origin of the universe. It begins with the finding of the new papyrus fragment of Empedocles' poem, and uses the story of its discovery andinterpretation to highlight the way our understanding of early philosophers is marked by their presentation in later sources.Generations of philosophers, both ancient and modern, have traced their inspiration back to the presocratics, even though we have very few of their writings left. In this book, Catherine Osborne invites her readers to dip their toes into the fragmentary remains of thinkers from Thales to Pythagoras,Heraclitus to Protagoras, to try to fill in the bits of a jigsaw that has been rejigged many times and in many different ways. - Description from Syndetics
Online
Presocratic Philosophy Book Cover




The Last Days of Socrates
by Plato

9780140455496Christopher Rowe (Introduction by, Notes by, Translator); Harold Tarrant (Introduction by); PlatóThe Last Days of Socrates 'Consider just this, and give your minds to this alone: whether or not what I say is just' Plato's account of Socrates' trial and death (399 BC) is a significant moment in Classical literature and the life of Classical Athens. In these four dialogues, Plato develops the Socratic belief in responsibility for one's self and shows Socrates living and dying under his philosophy. In Euthyphro , Socrates debates goodness outside the courthouse; Apology sees him in court, rebutting all charges of impiety; in Crito , he refuses an entreaty to escape from prison; and in Phaedo , Socrates faces his impending death with calmness and skilful discussion of immortality. Christopher Rowe's introduction to his powerful new translation examines the book's themes of identity and confrontation, and explores how its content is less historical fact than a promotion of Plato's Socratic philosophy. - Description from Syndetics
Glendale CC Library - GENERAL - B358 .T7 2010
The Last Days of Socrates Book Cover




Great dialogues of Plato
by Plato

9780451471703W. H. D. Rouse (Translator); Matthew S. Santirocco (Introduction by); Rebecca Goldstein (Afterword by); Pere PlatoGreat Dialogues of PlatooPlato is philosophy, and philosophy, Plato.o -Emerson a The Republic and other great dialogues by the immortal Greek philosopher Plato are masterpieces that form part of the most important single body of writing in the history of philosophy. Beauty, love, immortality, knowledge, and justice are discussed in these dialogues, which magnificently express the glowing spirit of Platonic philosophy. a Translated by W. H. D. Rouse, one of the world's most outstanding classical scholars and translator of Homer's The Odyssey and The Iliad , this volume features the complete texts of seven of Plato's most revered works. a oIn Rouse's pages Socrates' strength of mind, his dedication to philosophical truth, are borne in on the modern reader with something of the power that impressed and disturbed the ancient Greeks.o - Time - Description from Syndetics
Glendale CC Library - GENERAL - B358 .R6 2015
Great dialogues of Plato Book Cover







Epicurus and the Epicurean tradition
by Fish, Jeffrey; Sanders, Kirk R

9781107526471Jeffrey Fish (Editor); Kirk R. Sanders (Editor)Epicurus and the Epicurean TraditionEpicureanism after the generation of its founders has been characterised as dogmatic, uncreative and static. But this volume brings together work from leading classicists and philosophers that demonstrates the persistent interplay in the school between historical and contemporary influences from outside the school and a commitment to the founders' authority. The interplay begins with Epicurus himself, who made arresting claims of intellectual independence, yet also admitted to taking over important ideas from predecessors, and displayed more receptivity than is usually thought to those of his contemporaries. The same principles of autonomy and openness figure importantly in the three major areas of focus in these essays: theology, politics and the emotions. - Description from Syndetics
Glendale CC Library - GENERAL - B512 .E66 2015
Epicurus and the Epicurean tradition Book Cover




Classical philosophy
by Adamson, Peter

9780199674534Peter AdamsonClassical Philosophy: Without Any GapsClassical Philosophy is the first of a series of books in which Peter Adamson aims ultimately to present a complete history of philosophy, more thoroughly but also more enjoyably than ever before. In short, lively chapters, based on the popular History of Philosophy podcast, he offers anaccessible, humorous, and detailed look at the emergence of philosophy with the Presocratics, the probing questions of Socrates, and the first full flowering of philosophy with the dialogues of Plato and the treatises of Aristotle. The story is told 'without any gaps', discussing not only such major figures but also less commonly discussed topics like the Hippocratic Corpus, the Platonic Academy, and the role of women in ancient philosophy. Within the thought of Plato and Aristotle, the reader will find in-depth introductionsto major works, such as the Republic and the Nicomachean Ethics, which are treated in detail that is unusual in an introduction to ancient philosophy. Adamson looks at fascinating but less frequently read Platonic dialogues like the Charmides and Cratylus, and Aristotle's ideas in zoology andpoetics. This full coverage allows him to tackle ancient discussions in all areas of philosophy, including epistemology, metaphysics, philosophy of language, philosophy of science, ethics and politics. Attention is also given to the historical and literary context of classical philosophy, with exploration ofhow early Greek cosmology responded to the poets Homer and Hesiod, how Socrates was presented by the comic playwright Aristophanes and the historian Xenophon, and how events in Greek history may have influenced Plato's thought. This is a new kind of history which will bring philosophy to life forall readers, including those coming to the subject for the first time. - Description from Syndetics
Glendale CC Library - GENERAL - B111 .A33 2014
Classical philosophy Book Cover





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