LMC Guide : Citation Formats (MLA)
Electronic Resources
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LIBRARY MEDIA CENTER
GLENDALE COMMUNITY COLLEGE
6000 WEST OLIVE AVE.
GLENDALE, AZ 85302
TEL:623.845.3112

Revised: October, 2006.
This bulletin is based on the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (6th ed.)*. It provides a basic guide to

citing documents that appear in full or complete text in selected databases subscribed to by the library plus other
on-line resources. The MLA Handbook should be consulted for more complete information on specific sources and
formats.

*Source: Gibaldi, Joseph. MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers. 6th ed. New York: Modern Language
Association of America, 2003.



Basic format for a magazine article retrieved from a database at GCC: (5.9.7)

Author's name.  "Title of the article."  Name of the magazine Date:pages*.  Name of the database used.

Database publisher/vendor. Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ.

Date accessed.

* - See MLA Handbook, p. 229. "If the service provides only the starting page number of an article's
original print publication (e.g., "p192"), give the number followed by a hyphen, a space, and a period: "192- ."


A typical works cited entry for a journal would be as follows:


Author's name . "Title of the article ." Name of the journal Volume.Number(Year): pages.  Name of

database used . Database publisher/vendor.  Glendale Community College Library Media

Center, Glendale, AZ.  Date accessed.



Articles that are reproduced in an online database accessed at GCC.

Listed below are some of the databases available from GCC's Library Media Center home pages and typical
citation formats for them. These examples are single-spaced; MLA requires double-spacing (MLA Handbook, 3.4).

General OneFile (Infotrac)

(magazine) Winner, Cherie. "Groundwater: Our Hidden Endangered Resource." Current Health 2
Jan. 1996: 28- . General OneFile. Thomson Gale. Glendale Community
College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 5 Feb. 2002.
(scholarly journal, issues paged separately; beginning page number provided, but not last page) Brown, Kathryn S. "Making a Splash with Zebrafish: a New Model System Dives into
Developmental Biology." BioScience 47.2 (1997):68- . General OneFile. Thomson
Gale. Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 28 Jan. 2005.

MasterFILE Premier (EBSCOhost)

(magazine, separately paged) McCarthy, Terry. "The Coyotie's Game." Time 11 June 2001: 56- . MasterFILE Premier.
EBSCOhost. Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ.
9 Sept. 2002.
(scholarly journal, continuously paged) Ediger, Marlow. "Appraising Learner Progress in the Social Studies." College Student Journal
33 (1995): 233-248. MasterFILE Premier. EBSCOhost. Glendale Community College
Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 21 Jan. 2002.
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection (EBSCOhost) Kramer, Laurie, and Lisa A. Perozynski. "Parental Responses to Sibling Conflict: The
Effects of Development and Parental Gender." Child Development 70.6 (1999): 1401-14.
Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection. EBSCOhost. Glendale Community
College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 9 Sept. 2002.

Arizona Republic (newspaper)

Harden, Nick. "Water-rich Californians Lose Interest in Xeriscaping." Arizona Republic
6 Sept. 1997: AH15. The Arizona Republic. NewsBank. Glendale Community
College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 22 Oct. 2001.

LexisNexisT

Deyette, Camile. "Here's Looking At You." Los Angeles Times 7 Oct. 1998:E1. LexisNexis.
LexisNexis. Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ.
10 May 2002.
ProQuest databases (CINAHL, ProQuestNursing Journals Fulltext, ProQuest Newspapers) Schwartz, John. " 'Web Bugs' Are Tracking Use of Internet." New York Times 14 Aug. 2001,
late eastern ed.: C1- . ProQuest Newspapers. ProQuest. Glendale Community College
Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 26 Jan. 2001.
First Search Database (scholarly journal example) Caine, Renate Nummela. "Building the Bridge from Research to Classroom." Educational
Leadership 58 (2000): 59-65. ERIC. OCLC First Search. Glendale Community College
Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 26 July 2001.
(magazine example) Neff, Jack. "Pillow covers, detergents enlist in war on allergies." Advertising Age 10 May 1999: 65.
Wilson Select Full Text. OCLC FirstSearch. Glendale Community College Library Media
Center, Glendale, AZ. 22 Sept. 2001.
CQ Researcher (online version of the print/paper resource; no page numbers in online version) Clark, Charles S. "The FBI Under Fire." CQ Researcher 11 Apr. 1997. CQ Researcher. CQ Press.
Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 5 Jan. 2002.
Issues and Controversies "U.S.-Saudi Relations." Issues and Controversies on File 9 Nov. 2001. Issues and Controversies @.
FACTS.com. Facts On File News Services. Glendale Community College Library Media
Center, Glendale, AZ.
3 Dec. 2004.

Electronic Book (ebrary, netLibrary)

ebrary

ebrary is a subscription database for electronic books (e-books). Andrews, David L., ed. Sports Stars: Public Culture. Florence, KY: Routledge, 2001. ebrary. ebrary.
Glendale Community College Library Media Center, Glendale, AZ. 3 Dec. 2004.

Images

AP Multimedia Archive

The Accunet/AP Multimedia Archive provides images in the form of photographs and graphics. The content is
a primary source, and is provided by the Associated Press® (AP). The AP, winner of numerous Pulitzer Prizes
for news, is considered a credible source for reporting.
List the name of the file rather than any caption information.
Rullestad, Andrew. aggcc_DEMOCRATS_DEAN_004H7.JPG. Accunet/AP Multimedia Archive.
19 Jan. 2004. AccuWeather, Inc. Glendale Community College Library Media Center,
Glendale, AZ. 3 Dec. 2004.

Online Sources

From the GCC English Department's Modern Language Association Documentation Guidelines for Research:

"Online sources include websites. When a website offers information useful in research, the information is
considered a screen of information, NOT a page of information. Consequently, page numbers are not used
in the parenthetical reference in online sources.

"The formats for online sources include two dates: the first date is the publication date of the online article,
or the date the material online was most recently updated. The second date is called the "access date." This
date is always the date the researcher retrieved the online information.

"Finally, the online sources require the URL as part of the Works Cited entry to allow readers to locate the
source easily."

Examples that follow are from the English Dept. guide and/or the Library Media Center.

Web Sites (5.9.1.-5.9.4 in the MLA Handbook)

Web sites vary by type, such as a personal or professional or commercial site, and online book,and online
periodical, and by source, such as .com, .edu., .gov, .org, etc. Sites themselves vary widely in the amount
of information they provide. This brief guide doesn't cover all possibilities. Generally, you will need to cite what
is available. MLA focuses their examples primarily on "refereed, authoritative sources...as well as
historical texts."
(p. 208). You should read sec. 5.9.1 of the MLA Handbook!

The following information should be supplied if at all possible for a typical site:

Author (if known). "Title of the document." Title/Name of the Site. Date of version.
Sponsoring Organization. Date of Access <url>.

Examples:

Typical site. (.com) [no author]

"This Day in Technology History: August 20." History Channel.com
2002. History channel. 12 May 2001<http://historychannnel.com/>.
Article in an electronic journal (5.9.4a) If part of a database:
Butler, Darrell, and Martin Sellborn. . "Barriers to Adopting Technology for Teaching and Learning."
Educause Quarterly 25.2 (2002):22-38. Educause. 3 Aug. 2002
<http://educause.edu/ir/library/pdf/eqm0223.pdf>.
If direct access to the journal:
Calabrese, Michael. "Between Despair and Ecstasy: Marco Polo's Life of the Buddha."
Exemplaria 9.1 (1997):22-38. 22 June 1998
<http://www.English.ufl.edu/English/exemplaria/calax.html>.
Article in an electronic magazine (5.9.4c) Adler, Jerry. "Ghost of Everest." Newsweek 17 May 2001. 13 Oct. 2001
<http://www.newsweek.com/nwsrv/issue/20_99a/printedus/so/so0120_html>.
Online information database (not offered by a subscriber) The Internet Movie Database. May 1999. Internet Movie Database Ltd. 11May 2000
<http://us.imdb.com>.
Government source. (example- Occupational Outlook Handbook) United States. Dept. of Labor. Bureau of Labor Statistics. "Registered Nurses."
Occupatonal Outlook Handbook 2000-01. 10 Oct. 2000
<http://stats.bls.gov/oco/ocos083.htm>.
Newspaper article from a website (5.9.4b) Wren, Christopher. "A Body on Mt. Everest, a Mystery Half-Solved." New York
Times on the Web 5 May 1999. 13 May 2001
<http://search.nytimes.com/search/daily/bin/fastweb?getdoc+site+site+33726+0=wAAA+%22>.
[Note: When a URL is of this length, it may be preferable to simple give the URL of a website's
search page, according to the MLA Handbook, p. 212.]
Diaz, Elvia. "Strike Might Strand 110,000." The Arizona Republic 16 Oct. 2000.
18 Oct. 2000 <http://www.azcentral.com/news/1016strike16.html>.
Posting to a discussion group (including blogs) (5.9.9) Inman, James. "Re:Technologist." Online posting. 24 Sept. 1999. Alliance for Computers in
Writing. 27 Mar 2000 <acw-@unicorn.acs.ttu.edu>.
Personal site (5.9.2) Pelligrino, Joseph. Home page. 16 Dec. 1998. 1 Oct. 1999
<http://www.English.eku.edu/pelligrino/personal.htm>.
Email message (5.9.9) Penning, Sarah. "Mentor Advice." Email to Rai Peterson. 6 May 1999. CD-ROM databases (5.9.5)

A Citation for an article or information that is in a CD-ROM format has the standard citation requirements, but
add "CD-ROM" between the database and the publisher/vendor. There are a number of vendors for some
databases, so it is important to indicate the publisher/vendor, and the date of the CD-ROM. Elements include:
author's name, article title, publication information, title of the database, publication medium (CD-ROM),
publisher/vendor, electronic publication date.

Khawaja, Nijar G., and Tian P. S. Oei. "Catastrophic Cognitions in Panic Disorder with and
without Agoraphobia." Clinical Psychology Review. 18 (1998): 341-365. PsychLIT.
CD-ROM. Ebsco Publishing. July 1999.


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